Why is Freedom important for a country? It is because it gives the citizens the right to act as per their common opinion and ideology. When this right is infringed, the country gets fragmented and the citizens lose their roots. India was ruled by East India Company from 1757 to 1858 and then by British till 1947. Before this for about 1000 years different parts of India were ruled by Turks, Afghans and other dynasties. The culture of India is among the world’s oldest, reaching back about 5,000 years. Many sources describe it as “Sa Prathama Sanskrati Vishvavara” — the first and the supreme culture in the world. India, the land of Veda, and the origin of spiritualism has a huge store of religious and cultural knowledge. India is a very diverse country, and different regions have their own distinct cultures. Each ruler who invaded India, brought about his flavour into the country and India imbibed it while still keeping its original flavour intact. This is because Indians live by the Upanishad phrase “Atithi Devo Bhava”, which means that any guest or visitor is God’s own reflection. Thus India like a mother warmly embraced everyone but they in turn looted and plundered her for several thousands of years.
In August 15th, 1947, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, and other great Indian leaders, and sacrifices of millions of Indians, India attained freedom after 250 years of British colonial rule. The struggle for liberation lasted for over a century and it was carried out keeping the values of India intact which were Ahimsa (non violence), non cooperation and Satyagraha.
Freedom is our birthright. Right to freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, freedom to elect our Government, freedom to form associations and unions, freedom to move freely throughout India and reside in any part of India and freedom to practice any profession, occupation or business. We also have Right to freedom of Religion which includes freedom to profess, practice, and propagate any religion.
After freedom, fundamental right and duties were charted and India was declared a Sovereign republic. The preamble to the constitution of India that was adopted on 26th November 1949, states
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this 26th day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
In this the word Sovereign means that, People have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external power can dictate the government of India.
The territorial integrity of India has been maintained despite separatist movements. The motherland of India holds her head high and shows her unique identity with which she makes a distinct impression in the world. And what you give to the world, becomes your power over the world. This is the Lesson of Manipura chakra that awakens when you have the Freedom to act as per your own opinions.